Jordan


Overview

Current situation

In Jordan, official national statistics on the population with disabilities are unclear. While the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates show that the percentage of the total population living with a disability is around 15 percent, the Population Census of 2004 of the Jordanian Department of Statistics estimates a mere 1.23 percent. The same census indicates that 12 percent of country's labour force with disabilities has a job.

The Law on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, no. 31 of 2007 is the main law in Jordan regarding the employment of people with disabilities. It specifies a quota of 4 percent for entities that have 25 or more employees. However, there is no incentive system in place and the enforcement system of this law is not yet effective due to legislative limitations. Jordan's Strategy on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities envisages inclusive employment policies and programs in its sixth pillar.

Placement agencies or organizations that provide services for people with disabilities are absent in Jordan. The only organization that partially provides such services is I Am Human Society for the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

Quick facts

Capital Amman
Population 6,399,000 (excluding Syrian refugees)
Population with disabilities 62,986
Labour Force* with disabilities 41,907
Official Languages Arabic
GDP per capita USD 5,200 (2013)
Human development Index 0.745 (77/187) (2013)

*Labour Force: people aged 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labour for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed, seeking for a job and available to work. http://laborsta.ilo.org/applv8/data/c1e.html

Sources

Department of Statistics, Selected Indicators, (2012)

Higher Council for the Affairs of Persons with Disabilities, Reality Statistical Data, based on data of 2004 Population and Housing Census. (In Arabic) 

United Nations Program for Development (UNDP), Human Development Report (2014)

World Bank, GDP per capita

Legal definition of disability

The Law on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities no. 31 of 2007 defines a person with disabilities as "any person suffering from a permanent, partial or total impairment affecting any of his/her senses, or his/her physical, psychological or mental capabilities, to an extent that undermines his/her ability to learn, work, or be rehabilitated, and in a way which renders him/her unable to meet her/his normal day-to-day requirements under circumstances similar to those of non disabled persons."

Source (Law)

Law on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities no. 31 of 2007 (Art. 2)

Employment policy for people with disabilities

Jordan’s disability policy is guided by the 2010-2015 National Strategy for People with Disabilities. Employment matters are addressed within the sixth pillar of the strategy, dedicated to "Economic Empowerment". It aims at developing training programs in light with market needs with the full involvement of the private sector, employ persons with disabilities according to a quota combined with incentive mechanisms and provision of necessary reasonable accommodations.  Despite the fact the Higher Council for the Affairs of Persons with Disabilities is mandated by law to follow up on the implementation of this strategy, there has been no regular reporting on its implementation. 

On the other hand, the Ministry of Labor encourages direct employment services for job seekers with disabilities its Strategic Plan 2013 – 2016. Unfortunately, there is no project proposed for implementation. A committee was formed in 2013 with the purpose of developing inclusion programs.

Accessibility

Contact Us

International Labour Office
4, route des Morillons
CH-1211 Geneva 22
Switzerland
businessanddisability@ilo.org

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