Current situation

In Peru, people with disabilities represent 5.2 percent of the total population. Of this total, 52.1 percent are women and 40.5 percent have at least primary education. In the workplace, a large proportion (76.8 percent) are economically inactive, and those who are part of the labour force have an unemployment rate of 12.1 percent. Of the total working population with disabilities, 58.3 percent are self-employed. At the policy level, the Peruvian Constitution states that workers with disabilities receive priority protection from the State. Furthermore, Law 29973, General Act on Persons with Disabilities (2012), regulates employment services, anti-discrimination measures, reasonable accommodation, promotion of employment (quotas, incentives and bonuses) and a special scheme for businesses formed by persons with disabilities. In recent years, the Peruvian government has implemented new employment programs to promote inclusion of persons with disabilities in the labour market. However, they have not yet succeeded to reverse the inactivity and unemployment rates caused by the lack of accessibility, low employability and few job opportunities.

Quick facts

Capital Lima
Population 30,135,875
Population with disabilities 1,575,402
Labour Force* with disabilities 316,092
Official Languages Spanish, Quechua, Aymara and other indigenous languages
GDP per capita USD 6,660 (2013)
Human development Index 0.737 (82/187) (2013)

*Labour Force: people aged 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labour for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed, seeking for a job and available to work.


National Institute of Statistics and Informatics (INEI), National Census of Population and Housing (2007)

National Institute of Statistics and Informatics (INEI), National Survey on Disability - ENEDIS (2012)

Central Reserve Bank of Peru (BCR), Memory (2012)

United Nations Program for Development (UNDP), Human Development Report (2014)

World Bank, GDP per capita

Legal definition of disability

A person who has one or more long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various attitudinal and environmental barriers, cannot exercise or may be hindered in the exercise of their rights, and their full and effectively inclusion in society on an equal basis with others.

Source (Law)

Law 29973 of 2012 - General Law of the Person with Disability (Art. 2)

Employment policy for people with disabilities

The Equal Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities Plan 2009 – 2018 (currently in reformulation) includes the topic of work as a priority area. In addition, there are three main labor market programs for persons with disabilities. "Soy Capaz" (I am able), created by the National Council for the Integration of Persons with Disabilities (Conadis), promotes the employment of people with disabilities through a network of job boards. For its part, the Ministry of Labor and Promotion of Employment (MINTRA) has a program budget for labor inclusion of youth with disabilities, with services of socio-labor integration, specialized information and placement; and a pilot program called "Trabaja conmigo, empleo con apoyo" (Work with Me, Supported Employment) for labor inclusion of youth and adults with Down syndrome and Asperger.


Contact Us

International Labour Office
4, route des Morillons
CH-1211 Geneva 22

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