The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa No. 108 of 1996, guarantees that everyone is equal before the law and has the right to equal protection and benefit of the law. The state may not unfairly discriminate directly or indirectly against anyone on one or more grounds, including race, gender, sex, pregnancy, marital status, ethnic or social origin, colour, sexual orientation, age, disability, religion, conscience, belief, culture, language and birth.
There is no quota officially ratified but meeting a two per cent target provides advantages for public tenders. Employment equity plans Self-determined targets for employers with more than 50 employees. Public sector set its equity target at 2% of employees with disabilities.