Rising discrimination against persons with disabilities in Mexico

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31 Oct 2023

The 2022 National Survey on Discrimination (ENADIS) gathered data on the prevalence of discrimination among the Mexican population. The survey, carried out by the National Institute of Statistics, Geography and Informatics (INEGI), reveals the persistence of discrimination and the barriers that people with disabilities face in their daily lives. Additionally, INEGI aims to share the level of self-sufficiency and freedom of people with disabilities to live their lives and make their own decisions.

The survey analyses ten interest groups, one of which is people with disabilities. The survey concludes that the main barrier persons with disabilities face is the lack of accessibility on streets, buildings, and transport (31.9%). This barrier was already identified in the previous survey (31.1%), thus indicating that this is still the main barrier, followed by the lack of employment opportunities (15.8%).

Regarding the form of discrimination, disability-based discrimination was the most prevalent form — 49.6% of people reported having been discriminated against for having some form of disability. 44.5% of women and 55.9% of men reported having faced disability-based discrimination.

Lastly, 44.9% of people reported having been heavily discriminated against when seeking employment, and 23.3% when interacting with government offices or services.

Rosario Piedra Ibarra, president of the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH), stated that “in times of transformation, such as nowadays, both the State and society as a whole have the duty of safeguarding the right to non-discrimination, as established in Article 1 of the Mexican Constitution.”